[Home ] [Archive]    
:: Main :: Current Issue :: Archive :: Search :: Submit :: Contact ::
Main Menu
Journal Information::
Articles archive::
Indexing Sources::
For Authors::
Publication ethics::
Contact us::
Site Facilities::
Creative Commons License

This Journal under a

Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Open Access Policy




Registered in



:: Volume 10, Issue 2 (Apr-Jun 2023) ::
Nutr Food Sci Res 2023, 10(2): 25-35 Back to browse issues page
Maternal Anemia in Abadan, Southwestern Iran: Prevalence, Underlying Factors and Food Pattern Dilemmas
Sahar Golabi , Milad Yahyapour , Fatemeh Maqsoodi , Samaneh Mansouri , Mahsa Naghashpour , Reza Bagheri , Mahshid Naghashpour
Department of Nutrition, Faculty of Medicine, Abadan University of Medical Sciences, Ab-adan, Iran , m.naghashpour@abadanums.ac.ir
Abstract:   (1091 Views)
Background and Objectives: Maternal anemia is associated to premature birth and fetal disorders. The aim of this study was to estimate prevalence of maternal anemia and identify its underlying causes in pregnant women.
Materials and Methods: In this descriptive-analytical cross-sectional survey, 301 Iranian pregnant women aged 15–42 y of 5–40 gestational weeks referred to comprehensive health centers in Abadan, Iran, were selected. First, anthropometric indices were measured. Then, obstetric, sociodemographic characteristics and disease history were collected using self-designed questionnaires. Laboratory data documented in the electronic health records were used to assess maternal anemia. Dietary intake was assessed using 168-item qualitative food frequency questionnaires. Descriptive statistics, independent T-test, Chi-square tests and logistic regression were used to analyse data using IBM SPSS statistics software.
Results: Rate of the maternal anemia was 20.3%; of which, 75, 23.4 and 1.6% were mild, moderate and severe anemia, respectively. History of anemia before pregnancy enhanced the risk of maternal anemia (OR=6.048, 95% CI: 2.00–18.27, p=0.001). Moreover, 6–10 times weekly iron supplementation during pregnancy protected women from anemia, compared to 1–5 times weekly iron supplementation (OR=2.799, 95% CI: 1.438–5.450, p=0.002). Anemic women had less frequent intakes of bell peppers, dates and pomegranates than non-anemic women.
Conclusions: This study highlights the importance of obstetric and nutritional factors as well as positive roles of healthy dietary patterns and appropriate uses of iron supplements in controlling anemia.
Keywords: Anemia, Risk factors, Pregnant women, Iron supplementation, Abadan, Iran
Full-Text [PDF 772 kb]   (105 Downloads)    
Article type: Research | Subject: Nutrition
Received: 2023/09/21 | Accepted: 2024/02/4 | Published: 2024/02/29
Send email to the article author

Add your comments about this article
Your username or Email:


XML     Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Golabi S, Yahyapour M, Maqsoodi F, Mansouri S, Naghashpour M, Bagheri R et al . Maternal Anemia in Abadan, Southwestern Iran: Prevalence, Underlying Factors and Food Pattern Dilemmas. Nutr Food Sci Res 2023; 10 (2) :25-35
URL: http://nfsr.sbmu.ac.ir/article-1-595-en.html

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Volume 10, Issue 2 (Apr-Jun 2023) Back to browse issues page
Nutrition and Food Sciences Research
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.05 seconds with 45 queries by YEKTAWEB 4652