[Home ] [Archive]    
:: Main :: Current Issue :: Archive :: Search :: Submit :: Contact ::
:: Oct-Dec ::
Back to the articles list Back to browse issues page
Possible Roles of Low-Fat Yogurt and Cheese with in Further Side Effects of COVID-19 Vaccination: A Case-Control Study
Zahra Aghoun , Shirin Amini , Setayesh Ebrahimian
Assistant Professor of Nutrition, Department of Nutrition, Shoushtar Faculty of Medical Sciences, Shoushtar, Iran , aminishirin83@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (91 Views)
Background and Objectives: Morbidity and mortality caused by sever acute respiratory syndrome 2 (SARS-CoV-2) can decrease with effective vaccination. The current study assessed relationships between the food intakes and nutritional habits before vaccination and the severity of vaccination-linked symptoms.
Materials and Methods: Totally, 586 participants (377 cases with moderate to severe symptoms after COVID-19 vaccination and 209 controls with no clinical symptoms after vaccination) were investigated in a case-control study. Food frequency questionnaire was used to investigate dietary food group intakes during a year. Food habits were assessed using general questionnaires. Logistic regression models were used to estimate strength of the associations between the history of food intakes and the odds ratios (ORs) of side symptoms after vaccination.
Results: After considering energy intake, gender, vaccine type, type of dairy products and BMI in the logistic regression models, consuming yogurt and cheese during the year before the vaccination significantly increased the occurrence of side effects after vaccination with COVID-19 vaccine (OR = 4.153; 95% confidence interval (CI) = 2.182–7.902; p < 0.001), (OR= 1.556; 95% CI = 1.007–2.404; p = 0.047), respectively. In the group with side effects after vaccination, more participants consumed low-fat dairy, compared to the control (p = 049).
Conclusions: It seems that intake of yogurt and cheese can increase the odds of side effects after COVID-19 vaccination.
Keywords: Low-fat yogurt, Low-fat cheese, Side effects, COVID-19 vaccination
Full-Text [PDF 592 kb]   (22 Downloads)    
Article type: Research | Subject: Nutrition
Received: 2023/02/6 | Accepted: 2023/04/16
Send email to the article author

Add your comments about this article
Your username or Email:


XML     Print

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Back to the articles list Back to browse issues page
Nutrition and Food Sciences Research
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.04 seconds with 30 queries by YEKTAWEB 4570