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:: Volume 9, Issue 4 (Oct-Dec 2022) ::
Nutr Food Sci Res 2022, 9(4): 1-9 Back to browse issues page
Iran’s Experience of the National Food and Nutrition Surveillance: A Comprehensive Protocol
Bahareh Nikooyeh , Zahra Abdollahi , Ayoub Al Jawaldeh , Hamid Rasekhi , Delaram Ghodsi , Maryam Amini , Samira Rabiei , Tirang R. Neyestani
Laboratory of Nutrition Research, National Nutrition and Food Technology Research Institute and Faculty of Nutrition Sciences and Food Technology, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (666 Views)
Background and Objectives: Despite several national surveys in the country, there has been no food and nutrition surveillance (FNS) system by far to integrate and analyze data obtained from different related sources for root finding of nutrition problems and help decision-making at the national level.
Materials and Methods: FNS conceptual framework was developed encompassing from food production through health and nutrition outcome. The scientific committee selected the needed indicators using SMART method, as recommended by WHO. To obtain the pre-defined indicators, two sets of data sources must be used, including routine data from health service providers and national surveys. These data sources were fully evaluated to determine the data gaps. To obtain those data that are not available through secondary data sources, repeated small-scale surveys will be conducted. Each year, 6 provinces are enrolled so that in a 5 year period, all provinces will be covered by FNS. In the sixth year, the first year provinces will be evaluated again. In each province, multistage cluster random proportional to size (PPS) sampling will be done. The data obtained from each participant will include: demographic, physical activity, dietary intake, anthropometric, biochemical and food security (household). Finally, primary and secondary data will be integrated to obtain a comprehensive picture of the food and nutrition status of the community.
Conclusions: The current article may be used by nutrition and health researchers and policy-makers especially those in Eastern Mediterranean region as an FNS template that can be customized according to the local needs and priorities.
Keywords: Nutrition, Food, Surveillance, Protocol
Full-Text [PDF 676 kb]   (242 Downloads)    
Article type: Study Protocol | Subject: Nutrition
Received: 2023/02/5 | Accepted: 2022/12/1 | Published: 2023/06/25
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Nikooyeh B, Abdollahi Z, Al Jawaldeh A, Rasekhi H, Ghodsi D, Amini M, et al . Iran’s Experience of the National Food and Nutrition Surveillance: A Comprehensive Protocol. Nutr Food Sci Res 2022; 9 (4) :1-9
URL: http://nfsr.sbmu.ac.ir/article-1-585-en.html

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Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Volume 9, Issue 4 (Oct-Dec 2022) Back to browse issues page
Nutrition and Food Sciences Research
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