[Home ] [Archive]    
:: Main :: Current Issue :: Archive :: Search :: Submit :: Contact ::
:: Volume 8, Issue 2 (Apr-Jun 2021) ::
Nutr Food Sci Res 2021, 8(2): 35-42 Back to browse issues page
Validity and Reliability Assessments of a 16-item Food Frequency Questionnaire as a Probiotic and Prebiotic Consumption Scale in People Aged 20 to 40 Years in Tehran
Mehrnaz Azadyekta , Nazanin Parhizgar , Parynaz Parhizgar
M.A in clinical psychology, Department of Educational Science and Psychology, Islamshahr Branch, Islamic Azad University, Islamshahr, Iran
Abstract:   (37 Views)
Background and Objectives: Regarding health effects of probiotics and prebiotics in prevention and control of diseases and the lack of standard questionnaires in this field in Iran, objective of the present study was to assess validity and reliability of questionnaires designed to assess validity and reliability of probiotics and prebiotics in individuals aged 20–40 years in Tehran, Iran.
Materials and Methods: After verifying content validity of the questionnaires by eight experts in fields of nutrition, psychology and psychometrics, face and construct validities (in two levels of exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses) were assessed and then the tool was validated using Cronbachchr('39')s alpha coefficient (due to the multi-value of the response spectra).
Results: The sampling adequacy index was higher than 0.7, which was the premise of exploratory analysis. For all the items, the standard loading factor was higher than 0.3, and the T-value was higher than 1.96. Furthermore, fit indices in confirmatory analysis were at the desired levels (0/9 and greater), and validity was verified. Cronbachchr('39')s alpha value was calculated higher than 0.7, and the reliability of the questionnaire was verified.
Conclusions: Results of this study showed that the researcher-prepared food frequency questionnaire developed to assess the level of probiotic and prebiotic consumptions, especially in people aged 20–40 years in Tehran, includes significant validity and reliability.
Keywords: FFQ, Probiotics, Prebiotic, Validity, Reliability
Full-Text [PDF 893 kb]   (17 Downloads)    
Protocol Study: Applicable | Subject: nutrition
Received: 2020/09/7 | Accepted: 2021/02/7 | Published: 2021/04/7
1. Hill C, Guarner F, Reid G, Gibson GR, Merenstein DJ, Pot B, et al. Expert consensus document: The International Scientific Association for Probiotics and Prebiotics consensus statement on the scope and appropriate use of the term probiotic. Nature reviews Gastroenterology & hepatology. 2014;11(8):506. [DOI:10.1038/nrgastro.2014.66]
2. Maslowski KM, Mackay CR. Diet, gut microbiota and immune responses. Nature immunology. 2011;12(1):5-9. [DOI:10.1038/ni0111-5]
3. Pyne DB, West NP, Cripps AW. Probiotics and immune response to exercise. American Journal of Lifestyle Medicine. 2013;7(1):51-9. [DOI:10.1177/1559827612449599]
4. Hod K, Ringel Y. Probiotics in functional bowel disorders. Best Practice & Research Clinical Gastroenterology. 2016;30(1):89-97. [DOI:10.1016/j.bpg.2016.01.003]
5. Quigley EM. Probiotics in irritable bowel syndrome: the science and the evidence. Journal of clinical gastroenterology. 2015;49:S60-S4. [DOI:10.1097/MCG.0000000000000348]
6. Gibson GR, Hutkins R, Sanders ME, Prescott SL, Reimer RA, Salminen SJ, et al. Expert consensus document: The International Scientific Association for Probiotics and Prebiotics (ISAPP) consensus statement on the definition and scope of prebiotics. Nature reviews Gastroenterology & hepatology. 2017;14(8):491. [DOI:10.1038/nrgastro.2017.75]
7. Chao L, Liu C, Sutthawongwadee S, Li Y, Lv W, Chen W, et al. Effects of Probiotics on Depressive or Anxiety Variables in Healthy Participants Under Stress Conditions or With a Depressive or Anxiety Diagnosis: A Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials. Frontiers in Neurology. 2020;11. [DOI:10.3389/fneur.2020.00421]
8. Pirbaglou M, Katz J, de Souza RJ, Stearns JC, Motamed M, Ritvo P. Probiotic supplementation can positively affect anxiety and depressive symptoms: a systematic review of randomized controlled trials. Nutrition research. 2016;36(9):889-98. [DOI:10.1016/j.nutres.2016.06.009]
9. Taylor AM, Holscher HD. A review of dietary and microbial connections to depression, anxiety, and stress. Nutritional neuroscience. 2020;23(3):237-50. [DOI:10.1080/1028415X.2018.1493808]
10. Farzaneh S, Tafvizi F. The effect of probiotics on signaling pathways of genes involved in depression. Tehran University Medical Journal TUMS Publications. 2018;76(3):155-61.
11. Dinan TG, Stanton C, Cryan JF. Psychobiotics: a novel class of psychotropic. Biological psychiatry. 2013;74(10):720-6. [DOI:10.1016/j.biopsych.2013.05.001]
12. Miller AH, Maletic V, Raison CL. Inflammation and its discontents: the role of cytokines in the pathophysiology of major depression. Biological psychiatry. 2009;65(9):732-41. [DOI:10.1016/j.biopsych.2008.11.029]
13. Mal-Ganji S, Eivani M, Sohrabvandi S, Mortazavian A. Health related aspects of probiotics. Iranian Journal of Nutrition Sciences & Food Technology. 2013;7(5).
14. Fuller R. Probiotics: the scientific basis: Springer Science & Business Media; 2012.
15. Duary RK, Rajput YS, Batish VK, Grover S. Assessing the adhesion of putative indigenous probiotic lactobacilli to human colonic epithelial cells. The Indian journal of medical research. 2011;134(5):664. [DOI:10.4103/0971-5916.90992]
16. Umu ÖC, Rudi K, Diep DB. Modulation of the gut microbiota by prebiotic fibres and bacteriocins. Microbial ecology in health and disease. 2017;28(1):1348886. [DOI:10.1080/16512235.2017.1348886]
17. Slavin J. Fiber and prebiotics: mechanisms and health benefits. Nutrients. 2013;5(4):1417-35. [DOI:10.3390/nu5041417]
18. Belorkar SA, Gupta A. Oligosaccharides: a boon from nature's desk. Amb Express. 2016;6(1):82. [DOI:10.1186/s13568-016-0253-5]
19. Bermon S, Petriz B, Kajeniene A, Prestes J, Castell L, Franco OL. The microbiota: an exercise immunology perspective. Exerc Immunol Rev. 2015;21(21):70-9.
20. Taheri S, Khomeiri M. Psychobiotics and Brain-Gut Microbiota Axis. Iranian Journal of Medical Microbiology. 2019;13(1):1-13. [DOI:10.30699/ijmm.13.1.1]
21. Wang W-L, Xu S-Y, Ren Z-G, Tao L, Jiang J-W, Zheng S-S. Application of metagenomics in the human gut microbiome. World journal of gastroenterology: WJG. 2015;21(3):803. [DOI:10.3748/wjg.v21.i3.803]
22. Yatsunenko T, Rey FE, Manary MJ, Trehan I, Dominguez-Bello MG, Contreras M, et al. Human gut microbiome viewed across age and geography. nature. 2012;486(7402):222-7. [DOI:10.1038/nature11053]
23. Zhou L, Foster JA. Psychobiotics and the gut-brain axis: in the pursuit of happiness. Neuropsychiatric disease and treatment. 2015;11:715. [DOI:10.2147/NDT.S61997]
24. Seyedi B, Heidary R, Tukmechi A. Dietary effect of L. casei and L. paracasei as probiotic bacteria with Raftilose as peribiotic on the growth and liver enzymes in rat. Razi Journal of Medical Sciences. 2013;20(107):1-9.
25. Gružauskas R, Semaškaitė A, Zduńczyk Z, Juśkiewicz J, Racevičiūtė-Stupelienė A, Šašytė V, editors. Growth performance and digestive processes in broiler chickens fed diets supplemented with xylanase and fructooligosaccharides. World Poultry Science Association, Proceedings of the 16th European Symposium on Poultry Nutrition, Strasbourg, France, 26-30 August, 2007; 2007: World's Poultry Science Association (WPSA).
26. Li P, Burr GS, Gatlin III DM, Hume ME, Patnaik S, Castille FL, et al. Dietary supplementation of short-chain fructooligosaccharides influences gastrointestinal microbiota composition and immunity characteristics of Pacific white shrimp, Litopenaeus vannamei, cultured in a recirculating system. The Journal of nutrition. 2007;137(12):2763-8. [DOI:10.1093/jn/137.12.2763]
27. Zhou Z, Ding Z, Huiyuan L. Effects of dietary short‐chain fructooligosaccharides on intestinal microflora, survival, and growth performance of juvenile white shrimp, Litopenaeus vannamei. Journal of the World Aquaculture Society. 2007;38(2):296-301. [DOI:10.1111/j.1749-7345.2007.00099.x]
28. Selhub EM, Logan AC, Bested AC. Fermented foods, microbiota, and mental health: ancient practice meets nutritional psychiatry. Journal of physiological anthropology. 2014;33(1):2. [DOI:10.1186/1880-6805-33-2]
29. Sohrabvandi S, Mortazavian SAM, Jahani H, Eivani MJ, Nematollahhi A, Komeili R. Study the Effect of Some Prebiotics on Physicochemical and Sensory Properties of Dietary Orange Juice. Jorjani Biomedicine Journal. 2015;3(1):16-31.
30. Khandalavala BN, Nirmalraj MC. Resolution of severe ulcerative colitis with the specific carbohydrate diet. Case reports in gastroenterology. 2015;9(2):291-5. [DOI:10.1159/000438745]
31. Carrascosa RG, Segovia PG, Monzó JM. Paper and pencil vs online self-administered food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) applied to university population: a pilot study. Nutricion hospitalaria. 2011;26(6):1378-84.
32. Homayouni A, Javadi M, Mehrabany EV. Nondairy probiotic products. 2012.
33. Mohammadi R, Mortazavian A. Technological aspects of prebiotics in probiotic fermented milks. Food Reviews International. 2011;27(2):192-212. [DOI:10.1080/87559129.2010.535235]
34. Ehsani A, Mahmudi R, Tokmechi A, Pajohi Mr. Iranian white cheese as a food carrier for probiotic bacteria. Food Science and Technology. 2011;8(3):77-83.
35. Bayaga CLT, Pico MB, Bongga DC, Barrios EB, Gabriel AA. Development and Evaluation of a Culturally Sensitive Food Frequency Questionnaire for the Assessment of Prebiotic and Probiotic Intake of Urban-living, Low-to-medium-income Women. Philippine Journal of Science. 2019;148(3):551-61.
36. Moumita S, Das B, Sundaray A, Satpathi S, Thangaraj P, Marimuthu S, et al. Study of soy-fortified green tea curd formulated using potential hypocholesterolemic and hypotensive probiotics isolated from locally made curd. Food chemistry. 2018;268:558-66. [DOI:10.1016/j.foodchem.2018.06.114]
37. Jalalvand R, Shahidi F, Mortazavi SA, Saeedi M, Yazdi FT, Milani E. Evaluation of Jerusalem artichoke different levels effect in winter salad (pickle) formulation on biological diversity and assessment some probiotic properties of lactic isolates. Journal of Applied Microbiology in food industry. 2016;2(3):1-.
38. Abuajah CI, Ogbonna AC, Osuji CM. Functional components and medicinal properties of food: a review. Journal of food science and technology. 2015;52(5):2522-9. [DOI:10.1007/s13197-014-1396-5]
39. Câmara CR, Urrea CA, Schlegel V. Pinto beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) as a functional food: implications on human health. Agriculture. 2013;3(1):90-111. [DOI:10.3390/agriculture3010090]
40. Bernal-Castro CA, Díaz-Moreno C, Gutiérrez-Cortés C. Inclusion of prebiotics on the viability of a commercial Lactobacillus casei subsp. rhamnosus culture in a tropical fruit beverage. Journal of food science and technology. 2019;56(2):987-94. [DOI:10.1007/s13197-018-03565-w]
41. Kheirkhahan, N.S., Aharih., Asadi, Gh. Feasibility Study of Production a Chocolate Containing Bifidobacterium Breve Encapsulated by Calcium Alginate and Resistant Maiz Starch by using Emulsion Technique and Evaluation of its Survival. Journal of Veterinary Microbiology. 2018;13(2):57-73.
42. Vaidya Y, Patel S, Kunjadiya P, Joshi C, KUNJADIYA A. The effect of prebiotics on bacteriocin production and gut adhesion potential of Lysinibacillus sphaericus DY13 and Bacillus clausii DY14. 2018.
43. Costello AB, Osborne J. Best practices in exploratory factor analysis: Four recommendations for getting the most from your analysis. Practical assessment, research, and evaluation. 2005;10(1):7.
44. Hooman H-A. Structural equation modeling with LISREL application. Tehran: samt. 2005.
45. Kim C-S, Shin D-M. Probiotic food consumption is associated with lower severity and prevalence of depression: A nationwide cross-sectional study. Nutrition. 2019;63:169-74. [DOI:10.1016/j.nut.2019.02.007]
Send email to the article author

Add your comments about this article
Your username or Email:


XML     Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Azadyekta M, Parhizgar N, Parhizgar P. Validity and Reliability Assessments of a 16-item Food Frequency Questionnaire as a Probiotic and Prebiotic Consumption Scale in People Aged 20 to 40 Years in Tehran. Nutr Food Sci Res. 2021; 8 (2) :35-42
URL: http://nfsr.sbmu.ac.ir/article-1-446-en.html

Volume 8, Issue 2 (Apr-Jun 2021) Back to browse issues page
Nutrition and Food Sciences Research
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.05 seconds with 30 queries by YEKTAWEB 4280