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:: Volume 1, Number 1 (Jul-Sep 2014) ::
Nutr Food Sci Res 2014, 1(1): 27-32 Back to browse issues page
The Association Between Parental Behavior Patterns and the Dietary Intake of Preschool Children in Tehran Kindergartens
Maryam Pazuki, Majid Hajifaraji , Morvarid Nikoosokhan, Anahita Houshyarrad, Taghi Pourebrahim, Bahram Rashidkhani
Abstract:   (3000 Views)
Background and Objectives: This study was designed to investigate the association between parental behavior and the dietary intake of Tehranian preschool children aged 2-6 years. Materials and Methods: In a cross-sectional study conducted on 310 children aged 2-6 years from the kindergartens of 22 districts of Tehran, a qualitative validated 85-item food frequency questionnaire was completed by interviewing with their parents. Also the effect of parental behavior on the children’s dietary intake was assessed using a validated comprehensive feeding practices questionnaire (CFPQ). Results: 47 and 53% of children were girls and boys, respectively. Among the parental behavior patterns, encouraging children to eat healthy foods, using food rewards, teaching and talking with children about the value of foods, encouraging the children to participate in food purchasing and preparation, making available the healthy foods, parental controlling behavior, child’s control, restricted behaviors because of having weight loss diet, and role modeling were significantly associated with the dietary intake of food groups (P<0.05). Conclusions: Any effort to promote children’s dietary intake needs considering the role of parents in the development of feeding patterns, and interest in children to consume healthy foods. Keywords: Children, Dietary intake, Parental behavior patterns, Kindergarten
Keywords: Children, Dietary intake, Parental behavior patterns, Kindergarten
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2014/05/24 | Accepted: 2014/08/24 | Published: 2014/08/24
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Pazuki M, Hajifaraji M, Nikoosokhan M, Houshyarrad A, Pourebrahim T, Rashidkhani B. The Association Between Parental Behavior Patterns and the Dietary Intake of Preschool Children in Tehran Kindergartens. Nutr Food Sci Res. 2014; 1 (1) :27-32
URL: http://nfsr.sbmu.ac.ir/article-1-39-en.html
Volume 1, Number 1 (Jul-Sep 2014) Back to browse issues page
Nutrition and Food Sciences Research
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