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Assessment of eating habits and dietary behaviors in adolescent girls with eating disorders
Roshanak Roustaee Ms, Anahita Houshiarrad Ms, Esra Tajik Dr., Majid Hajifaraji Dr.
National nutrition and Food Technology Research Institute, Faculty of Nutrition and Food Sciences, Shahid Beheshti medical university
Abstract:   (117 Views)
Eating disorders are a psychological syndrome mainly affects adolescent girls and in which fear of being fat may result in dramatic changes in their food habits and eating behaviors. This study was conducted to determine the dietary habits and eating behaviors in adolescent girls with eating disorders in Tehran.
In this cross sectional, 231 female adolescent girls with eating disorders were detected from a sample of 2766 students from five areas of Tehran using a multi-stage clustered sampling in a two phase procedure. All affected students and 284 healthy ones filled the demographic and food habits questionnaires and they were interviewed by expert nutritionists for the 70- items food frequency questionnaire.
The study of dietary patterns in the students showed that in the non-affected group, the most common meal pattern (30%) was three main meals and two snacks. Meanwhile, the highest frequent patterns in the partial syndrome group (33.5%) and bulimia nervosa (28.1%) were two main meals daily. Missing dinner in partial syndrome and bulimia nervosa groups were significantly higher than the non-affected group (p<0.05). Consumption of cereals and vegetables in the affected group was significantly lower than the non-affected group (p<0.05). The study of lipid intake status in the participants showed that the frequency of low-fat dairy products in the affected groups (25% and 35.8% in partial syndrome and bulimia nervosa, respectively) was significantly higher than the non-affected group (12.7%).
In general, the study shows that the missing main meals and high drinking of fluids, along with a decrease in carbohydrate intakes and low-fat foods, were the main methods used by the students to reduce the calorie intake. It does not seem that the overall pattern of dietary intake of the patients significantly differ from non-affected group.
 
Keywords: eating habit, dietary behavior, eating disorders, adolescent, female
     
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2018/05/23 | Accepted: 2018/07/27
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