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Nutr Food Sci Res 2018, 5(1): 9-14 Back to browse issues page
Hypovitaminosis D in Adults Living in a Sunny City: Relation to Some Cardiometabolic Risk Factors, National Food and Nutrition Surveillance
Bahareh Nikooyeh , Majid Hajifaraji , Amir-Hossein Yarparvar, Zahra Abdollahi, Mahnoosh Sahebdel, Amaneh Mosayebi Dehkordi, Dena Norouzi, Seyed Masoumeh Taghizadeh, Ali Kalayi, Nastaran Shariatzadeh, Maliheh Zahedirad, Tirang Neyestani
Laboratory of Nutrition Research, National Nutrition and Food Technology Research Institute and Faculty of Nutrition Sciences and Food Technology, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (3430 Views)
Background and Objectives: Reports indicate that hypovitaminosis D is extremely common worldwide and is re-emerging as a major health problem globally. In the present study, the main objectives were: 1) to examine whether healthy men and women living in Ahvaz have adequate vitamin D status; 2) to assess association between vitamin D status and some cardiometabolic risk factors.
Materials and Methods: This was a cross-sectional study which was part of the National Food and Nutrition Surveillance (NFNS). A total of 235 apparently healthy women and men aged 20-60 met the inclusion criteria from the city of Ahvaz (latitude 31.3oN, 48.6oE). Anthropometric measurements including weight and height were taken. Serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) concentrations and lipid profile including triglycerides, total cholesterol, LDL-C and HDL-C were evaluated.
Results: Mean circulating 25(OH)D concentration was 25.4±12.7 nmol/L, with significant difference between men and women (p=0.015). Only 6 % of the participants had sufficient levels of vitamin D (25(OH)D ≥ 50 nmol/L). Results of logistic regression analyses after controlling for gender showed that subjects with hypovitaminosis D were almost 4.38 times more likely to be overweight/obese compared with subjects with vitamin D sufficiency (OR:4.38, p:0.011). There was no significant association between serum 25(OH)D concentration and the lipid profile components.
Conclusions: We found high prevalence of hypovitaminosis D in apparently healthy adults in Ahvaz, a sunny city of Iran. Our findings suggest that high vitamin D concentrations among the adult population are associated with a substantial decrease in body mass index. However, there was no association with the lipid profile components.
Keywords: Vitamin D, Ahvaz, Cardiometabolic risk factors
Full-Text [PDF 118 kb]   (1115 Downloads)    
Article type: Research | Subject: Food Science
Received: 2017/09/25 | Accepted: 2018/01/30 | Published: 2018/01/30
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Nikooyeh B, Hajifaraji M, Yarparvar A, Abdollahi Z, Sahebdel M, Dehkordi A M, et al . Hypovitaminosis D in Adults Living in a Sunny City: Relation to Some Cardiometabolic Risk Factors, National Food and Nutrition Surveillance. Nutr Food Sci Res. 2018; 5 (1) :9-14
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