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:: Volume 5, Issue 1 (Jan-Mar 2018) ::
Nutr Food Sci Res 2018, 5(1): 15-21 Back to browse issues page
Nutritional Status in Preeclamptic Women: a Case-Control Study in South East of Iran
Mahdieh Sheikhi , Elham Rezaei , Seyede Hosniye Hosseini , Mahnaz Shahrakipoor , Monire Sheikhi , Sepideh Soltani
Food Security Research Center, Department of Clinical Nutrition, School of Nutrition and Food Sciences, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
Abstract:   (1162 Views)
Background and Objectives: Beyond the influence of anthropometric, demographic and race, nutrition is considered as one of the most important risk factors for development of preeclampsia (PE). The issue has grown controversial in light of recent reports. This paper, purposes to compare the nutritional and demographic status between PE women and normal pregnancy in south east of Iran.
Materials and Methods: Sixty three normal pregnant and 62 PE women were recruited to be referred to obstetrics and gynecology department of Imam-Ali Hospital, Zahedan, Iran. PE was diagnosed by using international guidelines by the expert gynecologist. Dietary intake, assessed by food frequency questionnaire (FFQ), and anthropometric measurement and medical history were collected by trained gynecologist and dietitians during the second trimester. The logistic regression model was used to assess the correlation between dietary intake and PE risk.
Results: Pregnant PE women compared with normal pregnant women had higher pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI), cesarean delivery and low birth weight babies. There was an association between grain intake and PE risk (OR= 2.00; 95% CI=1.11-3.61). No association was found between other dietary intakes and PE risk.
Conclusions: Our findings support the association between grain intake and the risk of PE. Further prospective studies are needed to illustrate the link between dietary intake and PE status.
Keywords: Preeclampsia, Nutrition, Diet, Pregnant women
Full-Text [PDF 160 kb]   (411 Downloads)    
Protocol Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2017/08/21 | Accepted: 2018/01/24 | Published: 2018/01/24
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Sheikhi M, Rezaei E, Hosseini S H, Shahrakipoor M, Sheikhi M, Soltani S. Nutritional Status in Preeclamptic Women: a Case-Control Study in South East of Iran. Nutr Food Sci Res. 2018; 5 (1) :15-21
URL: http://nfsr.sbmu.ac.ir/article-1-259-en.html

Volume 5, Issue 1 (Jan-Mar 2018) Back to browse issues page
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