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Nutr Food Sci Res 2018, 5(1): 1-8 Back to browse issues page
Dietary Patterns and Obesity Associated Factors in Primary School Children
Maryam Amini , Monireh Dadkhah Piraghaj , Maryam Khosravi , Neda Lotfollahi
Department of Nutrition Research, National Nutrition and Food Technology Research Institute, Faculty of Nutrition Sciences and Food Technology, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences
Abstract:   (1078 Views)

Background and Objectives: To provide efficient recommendation for the prevention of childhood obesity and eating disorders, it is necessary to understand and explore their dietary patterns (DPs). The main aim of the current study was to explore dietary patterns among primary school aged children and determine the relationship between different dietary patterns and  factors including anthropometric measurements, family size, school performance, weekly consumption of breakfast and physical activity.
Materials and Methods: Male and female primary school children aged 7-11 (n= 761) were recruited in a cross-sectional study from all districts of Tehran(2003-2004). The students and their caregivers (mainly their mothers) were interviewed to complete a 24 h recall. Dietary patterns were explored by exploratory factor analysis of the 23 food groups.
Results: Three major DPs were identified: healthy, transitional and western. The tendency of children towards western diet increased with their age (P<0.001). In larger families, the tendency towards healthy DP was lower (P<0.001). Class performance score of the children was positively correlated to healthy DP (P=0.009). Frequency of weekly consumption of breakfast was negatively correlated to western DP (P<0.001). BMI was positively associated with healthy and western  DPs.
Conclusions: Effective interventions for adapting older children and larger families to healthy eating is urged..For better judgment about correlation of DPs and adiposity more studies are recommended.

Keywords: Dietary patterns, Pediatric, Adiposity, School
Full-Text [PDF 85 kb]   (368 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2017/06/19 | Accepted: 2018/01/17 | Published: 2018/01/17
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Amini M, Dadkhah Piraghaj M, Khosravi M, Lotfollahi N. Dietary Patterns and Obesity Associated Factors in Primary School Children. Nutr Food Sci Res. 2018; 5 (1) :1-8
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