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:: Volume 3, Number 4 (Oct-Dec 2016) ::
Nutr Food Sci Res 2016, 3(4): 29-40 Back to browse issues page
Effect of Modified Atmosphere Packaging on Aril Physico-chemical and Microbial Properties of Two Pomegranate Cultivars (Punica granatum L.) Grown in Iran
Sedighe Tavasoli Talarposhti, Mohsen Barzegar , Zohreh Hamidi-Esfahani
Ph.D. Faculty of Agriculture, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (1657 Views)

Background and Objectives: Edible parts of pomegranate fruits are a rich source of bioactive compounds. The present research examines the effect of modified atmosphere packaging on the fruit physico-chemical and microbial properties of two commercial pomegranate cultivars grown in Iran.

Materials and Methods: The arils were packaged and stored under four different atmospheres. All of the packaged samples were stored at 4 °C for 15 days.

Results: The results revealed an increase in total acidity of all treatments. The highest total soluble solid (TSS) was observed in ‘Yousef-Khani’­ stored in 10% O2 + 15% CO2, while ‘Malas-e-Saveh’ treated with 20% O2 + 5% CO2 showed the highest degree of TSS. The mean value of a* in ‘Malas-e-Saveh’ arils packed with normal and (15% O2 + 10% CO2 + 75% N2) atmosphere increased significantly. The L* showed a decrease in ‘Yousef-Khani’­. Total phenolic compounds gradually increased during storage. After storage, decreases in total anthocyanin contents ranged from 12 to 30% for ‘Yousef-Khani’­. The overall antioxidant activity of arils in ‘Yousef-Khani’ showed a 6-15% increase during storage. However, a reverse effect was observed for ‘Malas-e-Saveh’. The lowest microbial counts were recorded under the atmosphere containing 10 and 15% CO2.

Conclusions: Packaging of ‘Malas-e-Saveh’ arils in 15% O2 + 10% CO2 and ‘Yousef-Khani’ in 15% O2 + 10% CO2 or 10% O2 + 15% CO2 is recommended to extend the shelf-life of ready-to-eat arils.

Keywords: Pomegranate, Modified atmosphere, Phenolic compounds, Anthocyanin, Antioxidant activity

Keywords: Pomegranate, Modified atmosphere, Phenolic compounds, Anthocyanin, Antioxidant activity
Full-Text [PDF 601 kb]   (1438 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: General
Received: 2016/02/23 | Accepted: 2016/10/24 | Published: 2016/10/24
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DOI: 10.18869/acadpub.nfsr.3.4.29


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Tavasoli Talarposhti S, Barzegar M, Hamidi-Esfahani Z. Effect of Modified Atmosphere Packaging on Aril Physico-chemical and Microbial Properties of Two Pomegranate Cultivars (Punica granatum L.) Grown in Iran. Nutr Food Sci Res. 2016; 3 (4) :29-40
URL: http://nfsr.sbmu.ac.ir/article-1-154-en.html
Volume 3, Number 4 (Oct-Dec 2016) Back to browse issues page
Nutrition and Food Sciences Research
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