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:: Volume 2, Issue 4 (Oct-Dec 2015) ::
Nutr Food Sci Res 2015, 2(4): 21-28 Back to browse issues page
Body mass index is important determinant of blood pressure in adolescents
Elham Rahmani , Shiva Faghih , Maryam Teimury , Ziba Kojouri , Yahya Jalilpiran , Masoumeh Akhlaghi
PhD Nutrition and Food Science Research Center, School of Nutrition and Food Sciences, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
Abstract:   (2668 Views)

Abstract Background and Objective: Obesity is an important risk factor for development of hypertension. We investigated the association between body mass index (BMI) and blood pressure in adolescents. Methods: The cross-sectional study was performed on 694 adolescents aged 12-18 years from middle and high schools located in 4 districts of Shiraz, Iran. Height, weight, and systolic and diastolic blood pressures were measured according to standard procedures. Results: The prevalence of overweight/obesity and elevated systolic and diastolic blood pressure was 22.0%, 16.8%, and 13.3%, respectively. Compared to girls, boys had higher rates of overweight/obesity and elevated blood pressure. With increasing age, the prevalence of overweight decreased (20.6% in 15-18 years compared to 34.3% in 12-14 years) and that of elevated blood pressure increased (33.2% vs.14.6% for systolic and 22.2% vs. 10.3% for diastolic blood pressure) in boys whereas the prevalence of overweight/obesity and elevated blood pressure did not change among girls. In both sexes, elevated blood pressure had a positive association with BMI categories independent of age and this association was observed even in normal versus low BMI categories. Conclusion: A strong association between BMI and elevated blood pressure advocates using strategies for the control of weight and prevention of obesity in adolescents.

Keywords: Adolescents, body mass index, obesity, blood pressure
Full-Text [PDF 128 kb]   (2107 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2015/08/9 | Accepted: 2015/11/1 | Published: 2015/11/1
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Rahmani E, Faghih S, Teimury M, Kojouri Z, Jalilpiran Y, Akhlaghi M. Body mass index is important determinant of blood pressure in adolescents. Nutr Food Sci Res. 2015; 2 (4) :21-28
URL: http://nfsr.sbmu.ac.ir/article-1-117-en.html


Volume 2, Issue 4 (Oct-Dec 2015) Back to browse issues page
Nutrition and Food Sciences Research
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