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:: Volume 8, Issue 1 (Jan-Mar 2021) ::
Nutr Food Sci Res 2021, 8(1): 5-10 Back to browse issues page
Effects of Eight Weeks of Resistance Training and Consumption of Pomegranate on GLP-1, DPP-4 and Glycemic Statuses in Women with Type 2 Diabetes: A Randomized Controlled Trial
Mohsen Akbarpour , Fazlollah Fathollahi Shoorabeh , Mahnaz Mardani , Fatemeh Amini Majd Ms
2- Nutritional Health Research Center, Lorestan University of Medical Sciences
Abstract:   (680 Views)
Background and Objectives: Diabetes is one of the metabolic diseases with a significant increase rate in recent decades. The aim of this study was to investigate effects of eight weeks of resistance training and consumption of pomegranate juice on Glucagon-like peptide-1(GLP-1), dipeptidyl peptidase 4(DPP-4) and glycemic statuses in women with type 2 diabetes (a randomized controlled trial).
Materials and Methods: Samples included 40 women with type 2 diabetic aged 45–55 years, who were randomly selected and divided into four major groups of control (n = 10), resistance training (n = 10), pomegranate juice consumption (n = 10) and resistance training and pomegranate juice consumption (n = 10) groups. Resistance training group and resistance training and pomegranate juice consumption group carried out three resistance training sessions for eight weeks, each week with a maximum intensity of 30%. By the end of the Week 18, groups reached 80% of the maximum repetition. The pomegranate juice group received 100 ml of pomegranate juice every day. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) was carried out using SPSS Software v.21.
Results: Results showed that eight weeks of resistance training with pomegranate juice consumption significantly increased GLP-1, HDL, insulin (p = 0.0001) and decreased DPP-4, LDL and glucose (p = 0.0001) levels in women with type 2 diabetes. Furthermore, results showed that resistance training significantly increased GLP-1 and decreased DDP-4 levels in these women. No significant changes were seen in control group and pomegranate juice consumption in the study variables.
Conclusions: Based on the results of this study, resistance training with consumption of pomegranate juice effectively improves insulin secretion and glycemic control. This improvement can be attributed to increases in GLP-1 and DDP-4 levels.
Keywords: Type 2 diabetes, Pomegranate juice, Resistance exercise, Glucagon-like peptide-1, Inhibitors of dipeptidyl peptidase 4
Full-Text [PDF 514 kb]   (291 Downloads)    
Article type: Research | Subject: nutrition
Received: 2020/06/13 | Accepted: 2020/10/7 | Published: 2021/01/3
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Akbarpour M, Fathollahi Shoorabeh F, Mardani M, Amini Majd F. Effects of Eight Weeks of Resistance Training and Consumption of Pomegranate on GLP-1, DPP-4 and Glycemic Statuses in Women with Type 2 Diabetes: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Nutr Food Sci Res. 2021; 8 (1) :5-10
URL: http://nfsr.sbmu.ac.ir/article-1-418-en.html

Volume 8, Issue 1 (Jan-Mar 2021) Back to browse issues page
Nutrition and Food Sciences Research
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